- Día 1 de Caminata: Cusco – Ollantaytambo – Inicio del Camino inka – Huayllabamba
- Día 2 de Caminata: Camino a Huayllabamba – Warmiwañusca – Pacaymayu
- Día 3 de Caminata: Camino a Pacaymayu – Runkuracay – Abra de Runkuracay – Sayacmarca – Phuyupatamarca – Huiñayhuaina
- Día 4 de Caminata: Camino a Huiñayhuaina – Intipunko (la Puerta del Sol) – Tour a machu picchu – Aguas Calientes (machupicchu pueblo) – Ollantaytambo – Cusco
Inka Trail Classic to Machu Picchu
- Duración: 4 days / 3 nights
- Salidas Diarias: 05:00 hrs. a 18:30 hrs.
- Ubicación: Machu Picchu - Aguas Calientes - Inca Inka Classic - Cusco - Peru
- Tipo de Excursión: Trekking classic
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu 4 days and 3 nights
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is the most famous and popular trek in South America and with its spectacular setting in a part of the Andes still rich in relics of the Inca civilization, its renown is justified in every respect. Built over 500 years ago, this mythical trail to the lost city of Machu Picchu was a pilgrimage route reserved only for Inca nobility. It remains an exclusive trail, with permit numbers strictly controlled.
From windswept mountain passes to lush tropical jungle and from bustling villages to lonely ruins,this is the journey of a lifetime through some of the most beautiful and varied scenery of any trek in the world. The Inca Trail trek allows the opportunity to explore extraordinary ruins, enjoy beautiful mountain views, walk through strikingly different climatic zones and finally experience the unique feeling of arriving at Machu Picchu by foot.
You will be taking part in the Classic Inca Trail Trek. Trekking for 4 days at high altitude will be a challenge and one that you need to prepare for. This document includes specific details about the trip and what to expect from the challenge.
The following timings are a guide only based on a recent Inca Trail trek organised by Classic Challenge:
Trek Day 1: Wake up 5am, breakfast 5.30am, depart Cusco 6am for 1 ½ hour transfer to Ollantaytambo.
Stop for ½ hour break then 1 hour transfer to km82 and the start of the trail. Group registration / luggage is weighed at this point; this can be a lengthy process. Start trekking at approx. 10.45am.
Wake Up Breakfast Start Trek
Trek Day 2 5.30am 6.15am 7.00am
Trek Day 3 5.45am 6.30am 7.00am
Trek Day 4 4.00am 4.45am 5.25am
The group will stop every 2 – 3 hours for water / snacks depending on the temperature and the ability of the group. The lunch break will last for 1 – 1½hrs approx. and each evening there is a group briefing on the next day’s trek and everyone will eat together.
DESCRIPCION DEL PAQUETE DE VIAJE CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
Inca Trail to Machu Picchu 4 days
Described itinerary of the Inca Trail
Day 01: CUSCO – OLLANTAYTAMBO – WAYLLABAMBA.
We start our trip early in the morning after picking up all our passengers we will go to Ollantaytambo, where those who wish can have breakfast or buy some bamboo sticks that help for the walk, then we will continue to
Km. 82 Piscacucho (2700 meters above sea level) ) place where the first control is located, then start the trek to Machupicchu, after about 2 hours of walking we will arrive at Patallacta (2750 masl) Inca archaeological site
construction that will be explained by our guide, after our visit to this interesting place we will have lunch prepared by our experienced cook and his team which will surely leave you amazed with the food, after lunch
we will continue with our walk to our camp Wayllabamba (3000 masl). Where after a well-deserved rest we will have the lunch and then the dinner, and then spend the night.
Day 02: WAYLLABAMBA – WARMIWAÑUSCA – PACAYMAYO.
We will get up around 06:00 in the morning, then we will have breakfast and then take the walk. We will also be able to observe the beautiful and peaceful landscape of the road and feel the change of climate of the puna
until reaching the highest point of the road. 4,200 meters above sea level place called WARMI WAÑUSCCA (dead woman) resting a few minutes, then descend, in the middle of the walk we will have lunch as we choose the place for our lunch, after lunch we continue with the walk to the second camp called PACAYMAYO place
where we waited for the succulent dinner, in this place we will spend the night, until this place the journey lasts between 7 to 8 hours approximately.
Day 03: PACAYMAYO – WIÑAYHUAYNA.
After breakfast we will continue our trek Full of vegetation and quantity of Inca archaeological sites of different function the first archaeological site we will visit will be Runcurakay (3970 masl) which is another Inca archaeological complex in the form of towers that has a strategic site of east surveillance valley, then continue
to Chaquicocha where we will have lunch, then we will continue to Phuyupatamarka (which means place above the clouds), on the route we will go through a tunnel carved in rock and we will continue to Wiñayhuayna another wonderful complex where we will spend the night It is 6 hours full of beautiful landscapes, vegetation
in Wiñayhuayna. (The third camp may vary to Phuyupatamarca depending on availability) This option will depend on the spaces that the INRENA reserves office grants us. From PHUYUPUTUMARCA if the overnight is in WIÑAYWAYNA in a stretch to walk will be about 3 hours
Day 04: WIÑAYHUAYNA – MACHU PICCHU – CUSCO.
Our awakening will be very early between 3 and 4 in the morning after breakfast, it will be our last tram. Firstly we arrive at the INTIPUNCU (door of the sun) place from there we will be able to observe the great and
imposing MACHU PICCHU arriving approximately between 7 and 8 in the morning. We will have a short break to then enter the sanctuary and have our guided tour of approximately 2 hours, the tourist has enough
time during the rest of the day to enjoy the beauty and mysteries of MACHU PICCHU. then we will have to go down to the town of Aguas Calientes to take the train back to the city of Cusco, in the different train schedules depending on the season. We have from 01:00 pm. Until 05:00 p.m. Those who come to the town of OLLANTAYTAMBO and then bring them by bus to the city of Cusco.
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What’s included during the trek:
- Pick up from the hotel
- Bus to km. 82
- Entry ticket to the Inca Trail and to Machu Picchu
- Bilingual guide (English / Spanish)
- Tents (they can be double, triple, according to the required accommodation of the traveler)
- Dining tent
- Cooking tent
- Food (three breakfasts, three lunches and three dinners)
- Porters that will be carrying the equipment and food
- Return train from Aguas Calientes to Cusco
- Does not include:
- The first breakfast
- Bus going down
- The last lunch
- Sleeping bags
- Guide recommendations:
What you have to bring with you along the trip
- Small backpack
- Sleeping bag
- Rain clothes
- Good shoes
- Warm clothes
- Water bottle and purifying tablets
- Flashlight with batteries
- Additional service
- Extra porter for your personal items
- Sleeping bags according to personal requirements
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FORM RESERVAR AHORA CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
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The Inca Trail Trek, is part of the large road network of Inka roads of more than 23,000 kilometers that integrated the state of Tawantinsuyo, these roads led to ceremonial enclosures and the Inca army of Tawantinsuyo, to people who were engaged in trade in Inca times, such is the case of the Inca Trail to the Inca sanctuary of Machu Picchu, we will also have the flora and fauna of the area. The beginning of this adventure starts at the Piscacucho control post or better known as km. 82 which is 3 hours by bus from the city of Cusco.
“The Trekking on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is considered one of the best trekking excursions in the world because of the exquisite natural beauty and archaeological importance of the sites that lead to Machu Picchu.We find valleys that contain the endemic fauna from the high deserts or in the tropics, between the stretches of the Puna and the cloud forest.All the way we will cross with archaeological centers such as Pulpituyuq, Llactapata, Wayllabamba, Runkurakay, Sayacmarca, Phuyupatamarca, Wiñayhuayna, Inti Punku and the new wonder of the new world, Machu Picchu “.
What regulations are there for the Inka Classic Way to Machu Picchu?
According to the tourist use regulations of the Inka Roads network of the Inka Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, the following places are established as points of entry, control and registration of users:
• road: Km 82 – Km 122 (Intihuatana)
• road: Km 88 – Wiñayhuayna
• road: Km 104 – Inca City of Machu Picchu
• road: Huayllabamba – Pacaymayu
• road: Santa Teresa
The entrance to this road through these authorized places will be done only between 05:30 hrs. until 2:00 p.m. You can not do any kind of walk since 18:00 hrs. until 05:30 hrs.
It is mandatory that the walkers of the Inka road, identify themselves by what must carry the personal identification documents, original and current, likewise, in the monitoring posts will be recorded the income of each person, the monitoring of these records in the On the way, it is in charge of the authorized personnel of SERNANP and the Ministry of Culture.
The park rangers of the SERNANP and the Ministry of Culture, in accordance with their powers, will request the entrance authorizations to the Inka road, to the tourist guides, which must be duly authorized for the Inka road to Machu Picchu.
What security does the Inka Trail offer Machupicchu?
The safety of the Inka Trail is in charge of the park rangers and the guards, who are in charge, control, and vigilance throughout the journey of the classic Inka Trail, its main function is to watch over the natural heritage (flora, fauna , geology) and cultural of the nation, are responsible for preventing any incident that threatens the safety of walkers. The park rangers of the road are authorized to intervene before any mishap that threatens the order and safety of the users of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu and are also authorized to check the travel equipment and can confiscate any product not allowed on the road. In case of disobedience on the part of the users (tourists, guides, porters, cooks), park rangers and road guards, they are in the competence of drawing up a record of infractions and can file a complaint with the National Police delegation From Peru. The security and vigilance in the Inka Trail to Machu Picchu, is guaranteed, by the regulations of tourist use, of the Inca Trail Network of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. The monitoring and control of compliance with said regulation for the road, is in charge of park rangers, vigilantes and the National Police of Peru. The Inka Trail to Machu Picchu, is a safe, protected and offers all the guarantees of the case, according to the regulations in force in Peru. The Qhapaq Ñan (Inca road system) in history. Stories of chroniclers To investigate the Inca road system or Qhapaq Ñan, we have to resort in the first instance to the early written sources, that is, those chronicles that were written after the Spanish conquest. Therefore, our attention is mainly focused on the versions offered by the first eyewitnesses of the events carried out by the Spanish soldiery when it first breaks into the Tawantinsuyu and they enter it following the Qhapaq Ñan. Early chroniclers Among these early writers we can mention Miguel de Estete and his work “Relacion del Descubrimiento del Perú”; Francisco de Jerez with his True Relationship of the Conquest of Peru; Pedro Sancho de la Hoz and his Relationship of the Conquest of Peru; or Cristobal de Mena with the Conquest of Peru called the New Castile, all of the year 1534. These chroniclers of the conquest, in addition to traveling on the roads, observed the operation of the road system or Qhapaq Ñan, or rather, what was left of he, since -as we know- was affected by the civil war between Huáscar and Atahualpa. In their chronicles they describe, as an itinerary, the events that took place after 1532, the trip made from Puná Island to Tumbes and from there to the interior of the empire. They describe some places of the road and the villages where they rested. For example, the journey they made from Tumbes to Cajamarca is well known for interviewing the Inca Atahualpa and subsequently capturing him. Months later, the delegation presided over by Hernando Pizarro started the journey from Cajamarca to Pachacamac, in order to collect the gold and silver from the temple of Pachacamac offered by Atahualpa to pay his ransom. References for archaeological work This historical information is relevant, because it offers important references to develop archaeological field works, which have allowed to identify and register as archaeological monuments many of the towns and villages mentioned by the chroniclers, and evidently locate other sections of Inca roads in all four of them or regions. In this list of historical writings there is also that famous letter by Hernando Pizarro to the Audiencia of Santo Domingo, Letter to the Auditors of the Audiencia of Santo Domingo (1533), where the trip to Pachacamac is narrated. For this reason it can be said that this first-hand documentation is of vital importance. Years later, Pedro Cieza de León in The Señorío de los Incas (1553), expressed his astonishment and admiration for the Inca roads, writing about the admirable of its constructive characteristics – “which exceeded the Romans and which Hannibal had built on the Alps “- and its usefulness. He narrates that high dignitaries carried on litters were traveling along the Qhapaq Ñan, and large caravans of llamas were also transported carrying their loads. If the width of the road is about, the longitudinal path of the mountain range had an average width of between 4 and 15 m., And was defined by an edge architecture made with edged stones and paved road. This road could exceed 2,000 km in length in the national territory. Also, the stairs with thousands of steps stand out, such as Huaylillo hill in the department of La Libertad, which climbed a steep slope, and that of the Pariacaca mountain range in the Sierra de Lima. Later Guaman Poma de Ayala, in his First New Coronel and Good Government (1614), provides a valuable account of the tambos associated with the road system and ranging from the simplest and smallest to the largest and most important, which defined provincial capitals. But it was not only the chroniclers who appreciated this magnanimous road engineering work and wrote about it, but also secular or religious colonial officials, such as Governor Vaca de Castro in Ordinances of Tambos (1543) and Francisco de Toledo in Rate of the General Visit (1570-1575), who wrote administrative reports and other official documents dating from the early colonial period and the process of evangelization, and which contain itineraries to specific populations or localities, in order to organize the mita to the tambos located in the roads, taxing the population and taxing them, as well as evangelizing the new subjects of the crown. A secondary objective was to reorganize the old Inca road system that little by little was falling into disuse and destroying itself. These sources are also used to identify new routes and new associated sites, and indirectly the characteristics of the road. In this sense, Fray Reginaldo de Lizárraga, in his brief description of all the land of Peru (1589), described the coastal road in the following terms: “the road along the sands was marked in part by large beams, kneeling inside in the sand. When the road entered a valley, it appeared between two walls like mud walls, made of mud from a height of a state to prevent travelers from damaging the crops they were crossing. ” The Qhapaq Ñan Program, using these data and the references of other contemporary researchers, has confirmed the existence of these roads in the Ica desert marked with poles, as described by Lizárraga; also, very close to Lima, in the sector ‘Las Palmas’, the road from Pachacamac to Jauja still has rampart walls very similar to those walls of the roads that from the valleys of the north coast of La Libertad and Lambayeque depart towards the desert and whose evidences still survive. The keys of the chronicles These descriptions not only offer routes and constructive characteristics, but also strategies of mobility or displacement along the roads. Thus, Father Bernabe Cobo in his Historia del Nuevo Mundo, of 1653, illustrates this when he mentions that to cross the inclement deserts that mediate between the coastal valleys of the Pacific slope or to ascend from the coast to the mountains following the course of these valleys, the strategic location of some tambos allowed to reach them and thus enjoy a comforting rest before starting the trip again. On the other hand, he points out that the route was made at night to avoid the intense heat of the day that could be felt in the desert or in the chaupiyunga (the middle zone of the coastal valleys). Also, for these references we know about the existence of some natural pathways, such as the ravines that connect the coastal valleys, allowing a faster and more effective transit. For example, in the Ica region, specifically between the valleys of Pisco and Nasca, we note the presence of roads that take advantage of the course of these ravines in the areas where the valleys are closest to each other. These roads could be traveled with relative ease avoiding the fatigue produced by the sandy soil of the desert and the intense heat of it. Other sources of information that provide us with clues to identify road routes and, consequently, understand the magnitude of the Inca road system, are the accounts of civil wars among Spaniards during the sixteenth century. In the same way, the itineraries followed by the liberating armies of the South and the North during the War of Independence; the stories and parts of war produced during the Breña Campaign in the Pacific War; and the news of the movements of bandits of the early twentieth century in the northern highlands of our country. All the documentation that reveals the mobility of people who, due to different historical circumstances, have moved through the Qhapaq Ñan from different points of the national territory, without a doubt has a rich and valid potential to identify pre-Hispanic routes that may not appear in the chronicles. Regarding the operation and state of conservation of the road system, we return to the references of the cronistas of the conquest, who took direct contact with the populations and the infrastructure located at the side of the road. They observed the operation of the drainage channels in the road, the shelter, construction and even destruction of the bridges to avoid the passage of the armies during the war between Huáscar and Atahualpa. To the identification of the road At present, the identified segments of the Qhapaq Ñan that are conserved demonstrate the great investment of work in its elaboration, as it is the case of the paved road in the zone of Tingo (Huánuco), the stairs of the Pariacaca or the tunnel that overlooks the Maucachaca bridge over the Apurimac River. However, there are also segments that have been disappearing due to their abandonment, such as the path of the northern Sierra de Piura that heads towards Ecuador, which is covered by trees. On the other hand, the layout of other roads has been used to project and build roads. Those roads that are currently maintained and retain most of their original attributes of the Inca era, are just those that were abandoned or fell into disuse with the Spanish conquest, as the Incahuasi road from Lunahuaná to Chincha in the coast, or the roads in the deserts today covered by sand, those of the jungle and those of the puna at more than 4,000 meters above sea level, and which are seen as a kind of “roads”, which survive after almost 500 years. Important investigations Three investigations mark significant milestones in the understanding of Qhapaq Ñan: Alberto Regal (1936), John Hyslop (1992) and Ricardo Espinoza ‘El Caminante’ (2002). All of them, in their time and from different methods of study and points of view, managed to glimpse the real magnitude of the Inca roads and the associated sites. Alberto Regal, based on the detailed information of the chroniclers, in the colonial administrative documentation and in the accounts of the foreign travelers of the 19th century, managed to partially reconstruct the Inca road system and raise their own opinions, showing the great variety of forms and characterizations of this. John Hyslop, from an archaeological perspective, performed the analysis of a representative sample of the Inca roads throughout the Tawantinsuyu area. He evaluated the state of the roads and tried to understand the real magnitude of the Inca road system, characterizing them scientifically for the first time. Ricardo Espinoza traveled the Inca trail of the mountains uniting the current republics of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. This exploration constitutes the first field reconnaissance along this Inca road. Also, part of this recognition went through seven lateral sections, recovering important information about the integration of the Inca trail between the mountains and the coast. Subsequently, the Qhapaq Ñan Program of the National Institute of Culture made Extensive surveys of the Inca road system since 2003, recording, confronting and corroborating the stories that chroniclers made about the road, such as that of Tumbes to Cajamarca; Cajatambo towards Pumpu, followed by Hernando Pizarro; the road to the northern sierra in Piura; and the great longitudinal road of the sierra, which links the most important Inca administrative centers from Cusco to the north, specifically to the border with Ecuador and south to the border with Bolivia. As a result of this, it can be said that although the initial figures for the number of kilometers covered by the Qhapaq Ñan have varied over the years, it is also surprising that this variation has been increasing, due to the recognition and registration work undertaken by the National Institute of Culture. This sustained work allows us to better understand the magnitude and diversity of roads in the national territory. John Hyslop in his publication Qhapaq Ñan. The Inca road system (1992) estimated that the road network in Tawantinsuyu was 25,000 km. – in the six republics through which the Qhapaq Ñan passes. Today that figure has been widely exceeded and only represent between 30% and 35% of existing roads in our country. Currently it is estimated that the road network in the Peruvian territory would have 60,000 to 70,000 km. In this regard, only the Cusco region, seat of the former imperial capital, has reported approximately 9,500 km of roads; while at the national level -without counting in Cusco- to date, some 14,781 km of roads have been identified, which would amount to approximately 25,000 km, initially indicated by Hyslop. It is important to clarify that there is still a need to recognize and define the road in different areas of the national territory, such as the Andes mountain range, the coastal desert and the jungle. In these places where the topographic and geographical complexity demands a greater effort to register, there are more stretches of road. The prehispanic societies that occupied these environments were assimilated and integrated to the Inca state by the Qhapaq Ñan. Each of these natural habitats has been scarcely explored either because of their inaccessibility or amplitude, which will require the application of different strategies, which are expected to gradually expand.
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