Tour Valle Sagrado + Machu Picchu
- Duración: 2 dias / 1 noche
- Salidas Diarias: 01:00pm a 00:00Hrs.
- Ubicación: Machu Picchu - Aguas Calientes - Valle Sagrado - Cusco - Peru
- Tipo de Excursión: Recorrido.
Tour Sacred Valley connection Machu Picchu 2 days and 1 night
The Sacred Valley of the Incas, named for its incredible beauty and magic, as well as Machu Picchu, this excursion includes a visit to the archaeological complexes of Pisaq and Ollantaytambo, as well as the opportunity to enjoy the incomparable landscape of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. , and also enjoy Peruvian food in an atmosphere of total tranquility. Overnight in Aguas Calientes for the next day to be able to enjoy your guided tour to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu early.
Immerse yourself in heritage of the Inca Empire, this tour will take you through abundant beauty of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. You will travel through impressive landscapes marked by small mud villages and villages with Quechua inhabitants traditionally dressed, small farms and agricultural terraces. You can spend the night in Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu Pueblo) with the objective of arriving very early at the Inka Citadel of Machu Picchu and observe the sunrise.
DESCRIPCION DEL PAQUETE DE VIAJE CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
Tour Sacred Valley connection Machu Picchu 2 days
DESCRIPTION OF THE TRAVEL PACKAGE WITH INCA SALKANTAY PATH
Tour Sacred Valley connection Machu Picchu 2 days
trip Day 1 : Cusco – Sacred Valley (Pisaq, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo)
At the agreed time, usually around 8:00 am, we will pick you up at your hotel in Cusco and head to the fertile valley of the Urubamba River, the famous Sacred Valley of the Incas. Our first stop will be in Pisac, a picturesque town of cobblestone streets full of adobe houses and local settlers dressed in traditional costumes, in whose height lie the Inca vestiges of the Pisaq archaeological site.
We will enjoy a guided tour of 2 hours through the Inka archaeological zone, including the agricultural terraces of Pisaq, the ceremonial area with its Temple of the Sun, the Intihuatana, Inca baths, and the military Citadel of Q’allaqasa. Depending on the day of the week, we will also visit the popular vibrant market of Pisac (those who wish to spend more time in the market can coordinate a meeting time with the guide for the continuity of the tour).
Continuing our tour, we will pass through several small towns on the way to Urubamba at noon we will make a stop for lunch a delicious lunch buffet.
After the lunch break we will head to Ollantaytambo 30 minutes by bus. Built on the original Inca foundations, the city is one of the best examples of Inca urban planning. It is located at the foot of the Inca Fortress of Ollantaytambo, one of the largest and best preserved Inca constructions, considered the only Inca fortress that resisted the Spanish attack.
Finally we will go to the train station, where we will board the train that will take us to the town of Aguas Calientes. After an hour, you reach the small but bustling and colorful town of Aguas Calientes. A representative of the travel agency will be waiting for you at the train station and will help you get to the hostel so you can get settled and relax.
You will have the rest of the afternoon free to rest, explore the city, or perhaps visit the thermal baths of Aguas Calientes (to which it owes its name)
trip day 2: aguas calientes – visit to Machupicchu & return to Cusco .
This day we will start it early with a delicious breakfast, at 5am we will leave to take the first bus to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu and avoid the crowds that will arrive on the first trains of the day. We will arrive at the doors of the Sanctuary that opens at 6am. Our experienced guide will take you on a 2-hour tour of the Lost City of the Incas to teach you about the history and meaning of its most impressive areas.
After the tour, you will have free time to explore and take pictures. You can also go on a trip to the Puerta del Sol, the Puente del Inca or climb the Huayna Picchu to take a wonderful picture of Machu Picchu in its entirety.
(Please advise us in advance if you wish to climb the mountain of Huaynapicchu, since the tickets are limited and must be purchased at the same time as entering Machu Picchu a few months in advance of your trip to Peru).
The professional guide will inform you of where and when to board the bus for the return trip to Aguas Calientes. In the town of Aguas Calientes you will have time to have lunch (lunch is not included in the tour but Aguas Calientes has many restaurants to choose from).
After picking up your luggage at the hostel we will go back to the train station to board the train that will take us back to Ollantaytambo, where we will arrive at 7:00 p.m., when we arrive we will be waiting for the transport that will take you back to your hotel. hotel in the city of Cusco, arriving around 10:00 pm to 10:30 pm.
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What is included in the Sacred Valley tour to Machu Picchu 2 days?
- Pick up from the Hostel – Cusco.
- Tourist transport, during the Sacred Valley Tour of the Incas.
- Professional Guide, during the Sacred Valley Tour of the Incas.
- 01 Buffet lunch in Urubamba.
- Train tickets (Expedition Service): Ida, Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes and Return, Aguas Calientes to Ollantaytambo.
- Buses Aguas Calientes – Machu Picchu – Aguas Calientes
- Entrance ticket to the citadel of Machu Picchu.
- Professional Guide in Machupicchu (2 hours visit).
- 01 Night in the hotel Aguas Caliente .
Continental breakfast (second day)
It does not include in the sacred valley tour Machu Picchu 2 days:
- Foods not mentioned
- Partial Tourist Ticket, for the entrance to the archaeological sites Sacred Valley (70 soles)
- Entrance to the thermal baths (15 soles) * optional
- Entrance ticket to Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu mountain (It must be confirmed with the reservation as it is subject to availability).
What to take for the Sacred Valley Tour + Machu Picchu 2 days:
- Original passport (for the Machu Picchu stamp)
- Sunscreen and hat
- Insect repellent for the trip.
- Bottle of water and snacks
- Digital camera for the sacred valley and Machu Picchu trip.
- Hiking shoes
- Change of clothes
- Extra money for persons
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FORM RESERVAR AHORA CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
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Machupicchu and Sacred Valley
Ollantaytambo, the Inca Living City in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. The Archaeological Park of Ollantaytambo is part of the Sacred Valley of the Incas salkantay trek . It has 34,800 hectares of land and is divided into two sectors the Qosqo Ayllu and Araqama Ayllu ( machu picchu trek ). This archaeological center stands out not only for its monolithic stone constructions, but for conserving the ancient Inca trace. The Archaeological Park of Ollantaytambo is a complex that integrates a village and monolithic constructions of Inca invoice in 34 thousand 800 hectares of land, which is located in the province of Urubamba, in the Cusco region, and is part of the Sacred Valley of the Incas , according to the archaeologist Arminda Gibaja Oviedo. This is divided into two sectors machu picchu peru : the Qosqo Ayllu, or the town currently inhabited by locals, immigrants and foreigners; and the Araqama Ayllu, where the fortress itself is located with important buildings of the Tahuantinsuyo civilization salkantay trek . Qosqo Ayllu Special attention is given to scholars, the ancient Inca urban configuration that has conserved this town to date, especially in the area known as Qosqo Ayllu. Here, when one visits it seems that time has stopped because one finds the typical “courts”, open spaces like patios, where formerly families carried out textile work. In the so-called Qosqo Ayllu you can also see longitudinal and transversal stone streets, water channels and silent walls that when you look at them invite you to discover the steps of an admired culture that dominated the hydraulic works, engineering and architecture so skillfully ( salkantay trekking ). In its planning, the distribution of the spaces for the different functions that an architectural complex had to perform is observed, among which the urban areas stand out, with all its services such as streets, squares, religious sites, distribution of liquid elements through ornamental fountains , channels, reservoirs, walls; besides the agricultural centers, deposits, cemeteries, quarries and others. For this reason, the town of Ollantaytambo, is considered in Peru and the world “Ciudad Inca Viviente”. César Barrios, resident of the district of Ollantaytambo, tells us that “when you go up to the fortress and look very carefully at the town, you set up an ear of corn because it is said that the town would have been built in his homage ( machupicchu trek ). In addition it is indicated that this place was a temple of adoration to the water “. Araqama Ayllu The other urban group is the one of Araqama Ayllu that is located to the south west of the same town. The entrance to the fortress itself is done by a door named Punkupunku, made of rock and double imperial jamb. There was a ceremonial sector that was dedicated to the cult of “Unu” or “Water”, that is why in this archaeological center there are a series of fountains. The one that stands out is the Baño de la Ñusta, an impressive fountain carved in a single piece of granite. Here is also the Temple of the Sun, composed of six gigantic rocks, the same one that was under construction at the arrival of the first Spaniards in 1534, according to historians. The Intihuatana de Ollantaytambo is a kind of solar clock that is located above the Temple of the Sun, almost on the edge of the precipice, and was used as an astronomical observatory, since it is an axis around which the sun fixes its positions during the course of the year for So proceed with your agriculture in machu picchu . They complement the archaeological park, the agricultural terraces arranged in different levels and articulated with roads, trails, a complex hydraulic system, as well as the deposits or Qolqas in the Pinkuyllo hill. This important administrative, religious and control political center was built using two important rivers, such as the Vilcanota and the Patacancha, which were important sources of water storage. To all this important pre-Hispanic evidence must be added the occupation of Transition or Neo Inca (1532 to 1570) to what is called the architecture of Manco Inca son of Huayna Cápac, and who from Ollantaytambo and with the aim of wanting to recover the imperial throne made the group led by Hernando Pizarro go back, winning in the battle. Arminda Gibaja indicates that Ollantaytambo not only constitutes an attractive place for tourism, but it is a living ancestral town, where one can not only observe the different cultural manifestations, but also the heiresses of textile art with Inca iconography, they find themselves even in the communities of Patacancha, Huilloq and Qelqanqa. The historian invites us to meet them and at the same time visit the Archaeological Park of Ollantayyambo in order to continue deciphering its mysteries.
2. INCAS CONSTRUCTIONS. The public buildings, especially those of Cusco and later times, were of course very superior constructions with excellent stone masonry and very restricted use of adobe, however, even the best buildings used to be roofed with straw. All the Inca populations had their temple and their priests, being the Coricancha the great Inca ceremonial center and was in the main square of Cusco. Although there were various forms of populated centers in the Inca empire all seem to have had some common characteristics, constructions on an elevation with an element of refuge, all the cities of certain hierarchy had squares, temples, colcas or deposits and markets for barter. In addition, many of them built palaces for the Inca and his entourage. The palaces like that of Atahuallpa in Cajamarca were on the outskirts of the city. Very little is known about the engineering instruments, it is sure that the plumb line was also known and used to determine levels and measure angles and distances. Some time ago it was believed that the megalithic masonry based on huge stones of irregular shape and size belonged to the pre-Incas of the Tiahuanaco period, while the masonry of stone blocks uniform in size placed in regular rows was typical of the Inca period. However, at present it is assumed that the Incas used both types of construction and that almost all the large buildings and masonry structures in the Cusco region, including Sacsayhuamán, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu and Cusco itself belong to the last Inca period. The large volume of works built throughout the empire from the fourteenth century until the arrival of the Spaniards, was possible only through the organized effort of large groups of workers working in compliance with a peculiar system of taxation to the empire. Thanks to the mita, most of the roads, canals, tambos and, of course, the palaces and temples of the main cities of the Inca empire were built. The stone carved in blocks and admirably polished was the character of that architecture that Alexander Von Humboldt synthesized with the words: “simplicity, symmetry and solidity”. The stone used in the constructions was extracted from the quarries and was moved by flat, inclined wooden rollers and levers, the tools they had to cut the stone and work them were black and hard pebbles selected from the rivers, they also used the blue diamond placed in a chonta handle to polish the stones, later it was worked with hammers and achas of stone and sinceles of bronze. Ultimately it was polished with water and sand, the measuring instruments were also simple and consisted of two superimposed rules in which they have introduced certain scales. When studying the construction techniques of the Incas it is difficult to imagine a place where these can be better appreciated than in the fortress of Ollantaytambo, an Inca city located in the alluvial plain of the Vilcanota River, province of Urubamba and is located NE of the city of Cusco 68 km from it and 2750m.s.n.m. In the area of the fortress there is a considerable number of terraces of defensive and agricultural character, in them you can appreciate the fine work in stone, similar to the “Temple of the Sun” in Cusco, and perhaps of better quality. But the most significant of the Inca work is the huge slabs and stone blocks placed in the place. The largest is 5,50m long and the largest volume weighs almost 45 tons. Together with the other stones, with the characteristic precision of the stone works are embedded in the rock and adjacent stones. The union is of an absolute precision, and in the case of the greater block it should have been more difficult since the stone was placed on the edge of the precipice, on an uneven surface, but left deliberately in its natural state.
3. Construction Techniques: To understand the construction techniques used it is necessary to examine three points: 1. the techniques to extract the stone from the quarry; 2. your transportation; 3. its link to the site. In all these operations, the physical limitations of the available equipment must be taken into account. The use of metal instruments is unlikely. No load animals were available, only man performed this task. With regard to transport has been made of logs of Alder (Agnus jorullensis: elder or quishuar) of 9m long and 15 cm in diameter, tree that grows on the margins of rivers and streams, the eucalyptus that today are in the area are not native were introduced in the seventeenth century. The large slabs of almost rectangular shape were cut into smaller pieces by a
4. Road and hydraulic engineering: roads, bridges and irrigation works. The planning, construction and maintenance of road, hydraulic and building works form a set of pragmatic technological processes that identify with the personality of the Incas to subdue nature and put it at their service. The constructive materials were mud, stone, wood and vegetable fibers, the Incas did not know the brick, they did not burn the clay, although they did it to obtain ceramics. The Inca road network is remarkable, only the admirable Roman road network is in the same category, it integrated the empire and served both for the administration and transmission of information and for the movement of people and animals in peacetime and war, both they built roads to the ends of the conquered domains. The difference is that the Incas, not having wheeled vehicles, did not need such good pavements, nor such wide roads, nor such resistant bridges; They used steps in the steep sections, the paved roads or not, were an important element of the Andean culture from the earliest times. The road network was a system that included infrastructure – roads, bridges and tambos; deposits located at distances compatible with the daily route, services, and supplies, the total length of the road system has been estimated at 20,000 kilometers was composed of two major longitudinal roads north-south, one coastal and one Andean. The coast went from Quito in the north to the Maule River, about one hundred kilometers south of what is now Santiago de Chile and Mendoza in Argentina, on the east side. In addition there were ways of union of the longitudinal roads that crossed from east to west the slopes of the coastal valleys, as it is obvious the road calls for bridges. Without roads it would have been almost impossible to conquer regions so distant from the city of Cusco, nor administered after its conquest. The Inca roads caused great admiration to the Spaniards, as it has been indicated there were two main roads from north to south, one along the coast and another that crossed the highlands, these two roads were crossed by transversal roads, while other minor roads led to all the villages of the empire, roads known as Ccapan Ñan. The most important technological advance of the ancient Peruvians was probably the improvement of agriculture, it involved the improvement of water technology, irrigation and agricultural technology, in the Andes perfected and developed a very sophisticated technological set of artificial terraces, called platforms or andenería, that allowed to use the fertile part of the Andes. The small rivers crossed by means of bridges of different types, according to the diverse local conditions, the smallest ones were constructed with a series of trunks or with big stones supported by masonry stirrups. But the type of bridge that most attracts attention is the suspension bridge, which was usually used to bridge narrow and deep ravines. These bridges were laid through the clearing 5 large cables that were firmly anchored in a beam embedded in masonry piles at each end, the cables were long and thin braided fiber came to have about forty centimeters in diameter, these three form the floor and the other two served as handrails, these were repaired each year technology that is still preserved today. Sample of mathematics in design:
PUENTE QUESWACHACA. CUSCO: In Peru, irrigation works were of the greatest importance, especially in the coastal region. Among the most important and worthy of admiration are the ditches and irrigation canals. They were built with the optimum slope and with a layout adapted to the hills; these works were many kilometers long. The channels of the Incas surpass in efficiency, the water was led to the fields by means of small ditches whose expense could be regulated with gates formed by stone slabs, in the cusco the drainage and the water supply were very well resolved, the currents of water that crossed the city were confined between walls and the smaller beds were paved with stones, the water was made reach the buildings by conduits lined with stone. In the good lands for agriculture the cause of the rivers was straightened and narrowed in order to increase and conserve the arable land. The Incas built some stone baths with permanent running water, models were made in relief, one of those hydraulic works is that of Tipón in Cusco which is a true laboratory of hydraulics.
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