Tour to Machu Picchu by train
- Duración: 2 days / 1 night
- Salidas Diarias: 01:00pm a 00:00Hrs.
- Ubicación: Machu Picchu - Aguas Calientes - Cusco - Peru
- Tipo de Excursión: travel
Tour to Machu Picchu 2 days and 1 night by train
Machu Picchu (meaning: Old Mountain), is an impressive Inca city surrounded by temples, platforms and water channels, built in the fifteenth century at the request of the Inca Pachacutec, at the top of a mountain. Located 110 km northeast of Cusco. Built with large blocks of stone polished in a rectangular shape and joined together, without the use of amalgam. It is divided into two large sectors: the agricultural that comprises a vast network of terraces and artificial terraces and urban, formed by various buildings and squares including the Temple of the Sun, Temple of the Three Windows, the Main Temple and the so-called condor sector. It is currently considered one of the 7 wonders of the world and cultural heritage of humanity to be recognized as an important political, religious and administrative center of the Inca period
Recognized worldwide, it is without doubt one of the destinations in Peru that you must visit and know at least once in your life. With this tour to Machu Picchu you will leave the city of Cusco passing the Sacred Valley of the Incas by bus and then board a train (Peru Rail or Inca Rail) that will take you to the town of Aguas Calientes where you can sleep before making your visit to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, you will walk along with a specialized guide the most important archaeological sites of this mysterious place Machupicchu and you will have a free time only also for you to visit Machu Picchu.
OVERVIEWS : Machu Picchu 2 days and 1 night by train
DESCRIPCION DEL PAQUETE DE VIAJE CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
Tour to Machu Picchu 2 days by train
1st Trip Day: Cusco – Ollantaytambo – Aguas Calientes (Machupicchu town)
Tour to Machu Picchu 2 days by Train :
1st trip day: cusco – ollantaytambo – aguas calientes (town machupicchu)
We will pick you up from your hotel in Cusco at 10:00 am to take the road to the town of Ollantaytambo (2 hours away) from where we will board the train that will take us to Aguas Calientes, on the way we will be able to appreciate the Peruvian Andes as well as the enormous fields of culture of all the Sacred Valley of the Incas.Upon arrival at the train station a person will be waiting for you to take you to your accommodation in Aguas Calientes where you will spend the night.
2nd trip day: aguas calientes – visit to Machupicchu & return to Cusco
After enjoying the delicious breakfast at the hostel, we will leave the bus station very early to be able to board the bus to the Machu Picchu citadel, at the entrance door you will be waiting to join the group and start with the guided tour of 2 hours inside the Sanctuary of Machupicchu.
After the tour you will have some time to visit the citadel of Machu Picchu on your own before returning to the town of Aguas Calientes (Machupicchu town).
At night we will board the return train to Ollantaytambo, at which station we will be waiting for the transfer for the return in tourist transport to the city of Cusco
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What’s included in the Machu Picchu tour 2 days by train?
- Pick up from the Hotel or Hostel in Cusco.
- Cusco tourist transport to Ollantaytambo train station.
- Train tickets (Expedition Service): Ida, Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes at 12: 55 hrs and return from
- Aguas Calientes to Ollantaytambo at 7:04 p.m.
- 01 Night of lodging in Aguas calientes.
- Bus trip from Aguas Calientes – Machu Picchu – Aguas Calientes
- Entrance ticket to the citadel of Machu Picchu.
- Professional Guide in Machupicchu (2 hours visit).
It does not include in the Machu Picchu tour 2 days per train:
- Entrance to the Thermal Baths in Aguas Calientes (* optional)
- Entrance ticket to Huaynapicchu or Machupicchu mountain (Important to confirm with the advance
- reservation a few months).
What to take for the Machu Picchu tour by train?
- Passport or Dni
- Protection the sun (hat, sunglasses, sunscreen)
- Protection rain (water poncho and waterproof jacket between October to March)
- Digital camera for the trip to Machupicchu
- Extra money for the trip to Machu Picchu.
- Trekking shoes
- Insect repellent
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FORM RESERVAR AHORA CON CAMINO INCA SALKANTAY
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MACHU PICCHU INFORMATIONS
Machu Picchu (Matshu Piktshu), jewel of Inca architecture, is one of the wonders of the world. Its portentous character expresses the constructive talent of man in harmonious conjunction with the imposing landscape, and precisely for this reason, UNESCO has declared Machu Picchu a World Heritage Site, due to its double status as a cultural and natural exponent. Later, in an international competition, Machu Picchu was included in the list of the Seven New Wonders of the World ( machu picchu ) .
The world discovers Machu Picchu: Hiram Bingham (1875-1956), historian and professor at Yale University, arrived in Peru in 1911 in search of the legendary city of Vilcabamba (Vilcapampa), built by Manco Inca after barricading himself in 1537 in the inhospitable region of Vilcabamba, swearing to expel the Spanish invaders.
Before heading to Vilcabamba, in Cusco he got news about Machu Picchu ( salkantay trek ). As these indicated that he was near Mandorbamba, a place where he would necessarily pass, he decided to visit the site.
Following the advice received, arrived in Mandorbamba, contacted Melchor Arteaga, who confirmed the magnitude of the ruins. Dazed, Bingham asked him to guide him ( machu picchu travel ) . They crossed an improvised bridge over the Urubamba River and climbed the steep slopes covered with dense vegetation that separates Mandorbamba from Machu Picchu ( inka trails ) .
After tackling the ruins, Bingham deduced that it could not be the legendary city of Vilcabamba that he was looking for. That is why he continued his journey to fulfill the goal he had set.
Bingham’s visit revealed Machu Picchu to the world. The treasure of the Inca architecture was hitherto ignored by humanity, although it was certainly not unknown to the surrounding peasants and occasional treasure seekers, as Bingham himself noted in his works inca trail.
Thus, he says that it was the boy Pablito Álvarez who led him to the place where the imposing walls of Machu Picchu loomed, still semi-hidden by dense tropical vegetation machu picchu trek . When contemplating them, Bingham wrote astonished in his diary: “Would anyone believe what I have found …?” (Who can believe what I have found?).
Background of the discovery: Bingham reports that in Cusco he was informed of the trip to Machu Picchu made by Agustín Lizárraga in the company of two friendly peasants in 1902. He adds that upon interviewing he “sold one or two vessels that he claimed came from Machu Picchu”. 1 In his works alludes also to the inscription that Lizárraga left engraved “on the wall of one of the most beautiful buildings”, graffiti that he ordered to erase with just indignation. In Cusco it was commented that before Lizárraga, around 1894, Luis Béjar Ugarte arrived at Machu Picchu.2
Those who preceded Bingham on the site lacked scientific motivation. These occasional visitors were encouraged only by the desire to prey on mummies to seize their golden jewels. They were seekers of hidden treasures. For the same, José Gabriel Cosio sentence: “Machupiccho has been known by many people, although his celebrity we owe it to Dr. Bingham.”
It was Albert Giesecke (1885-1968), promoter of university education in Cusco, who instructed Bingham about the importance of Machu Picchu and encouraged him to make a stop on his route to Vilcabamba to visit it. Just a year before Bingham arrived at Machu Picchu, Giesecke himself got ready to visit her, but intense rains frustrated his desire.
That Bingham himself indicates in his works who preceded him in accessing Machu Picchu, and that even disseminated in his publications the photograph of the wives of two families of peasants who lived in the site and came out to meet him, speaks in favor of the academic seriousness with which he conducted his explorer mission. Therefore, although he was not the first to arrive in Machu Picchu ( huayna picchu ), there is no denying the place of an authentic discoverer or forgetting his status as a pioneer in investigating it, as well as the fact that he was the one who spread this exceptional testimony handed down by the ancients to the world. Peruvians . The teacher Luis E. Valcárcel, 5 eager to do justice, recognizes in a later work the role of Bingham in the history of Machu Picchu: As with all discoveries, there were precursors. In this case, those precursors were people without preparation to appreciate the value of the monuments they had before their eyes. It reveals narrow-mindedness to detract merit from the one who was the first to realize the great value of what he discovered, especially the full appreciation of its transcendence for the history of American man
Machu Picchu on maps and ancient documents . According to Bingham himself, 6,7,8 more than 30 years had passed since, guided by rumors, the enlightened traveler Charles Wiener (1851-1913) tried to reach Machu Picchu. On his map of the “Vallée de Santa-Ana”, 9 this traveler located the place names Matchopicchu and Huaynapicchu with astonishing approximation ( salcantay trek ) .
Daniel Buck, 10 for his part, noticed an even older cartographic mention ignored by Bingham. These are the place names Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu that appear in the “Map of the valleys of Paucartambo, Lares, Ocobamba and the gulch of the Vilcanota”, raised in 1874 by Herman Göhring.11
The toponymy Picho or Piccho appears in some 16th century documents discovered in recent times12,13,14. However, it is not known if these place names refer to the ruins or simply to geographical points. In spite of it, the majestic monument nape had to be forgotten.
The map of Berns (circa 1867) has caused a stir among those looking for sources to point out that Bingham was not the first to enter Machu Picchu and label it as a farsante ( salkantay hike ).15 In the map referred to, a thin line goes to the place where Machu is located Picchu, delimiting “Point Huaca del Inca”. The scholar in the investigation of those who preceded
Bingham, Daniel Buck 16 warns that the line does not point to the “Point Huaca del Inca” site but to other ruins corresponding to the Torontoy complex, which is convincing ( salkantay trekking ) .
It is likely that other maps that point to the position of Machu Picchu will still be found. The truth is that so far none of the known is accompanied by references about this monument. In the discussion about whether or not to consider Bingham as “discoverer” of Machu Picchu, the important thing would be to find at least a few lines written before the articles and books published by the American explorer.
The name: Machu Picchu is usually translated as “major summit” (machu = “major”, old, picchu = “summit of a hill”). Since this name refers only to a geographical feature, it should not be the one that originally designated the monument ( inca trek ).
Since the Picchu voice does not figure in the old vocabularies, such as that of Diego González Holguín17 or the more recent one by Ernst W. Middendorf, 18 the suspicion arises that the place-name is corruption of the Spanish voice peak in its peak sense. González Holguín indicates that “mountain summit” is translated into the language of the Incas as orcop uman (“head of hill”), like Middendorf, who affirms that it is equivalent to orkoj uman. Perhaps for that reason, José Uriel García19 rejects that picchu should be translated as “summit”, and, assuming that Machu Picchu was the original name, suggests that it is a neutral noun derived from the verb picchay (“act of chewing coca”). ).
Machu Picchu in the framework of the Incario: Judging by the constructive form accorded by the superb walls of Machu Picchu, this feat of architecture and civil engineering must go back to the Incario, when the Incas Pachacútec and Tupac Yupanqui ruled. On the other hand, the objects of ceramics and metal excavated confirm the exposed, although we consider that they were not invoiced in Machu Picchu itself ( salkantay hike ). In quick conquests, admirable indeed, given the difficulties of displacement that the Andean region presents, these sovereigns forged the Incario, which, when the Europeans arrived, extended from the Ecuadorian-Colombian border to the north of Chile, Bolivia and the northwest from Argentina ( machu picchu huayna picchu ).
It is estimated that the Inca expansionism began around 1438, and therefore it is assumed that Machu Picchu should have been built after that date, approximately during the last third of the sixteenth century, that is, only earlier than half a century before the Spanish invasion, during the last stage of the ancestral Peruvian civilization, whose antecedents go back to about 5000 years.
Geographic location: Machu Picchu emerges in the heart of a landscape of imposing summits covered by exuberant jungle flora. Like other monuments of its surroundings, in something similar, it was built in a region relatively close to Cusco, between the rivers Vilcanota-Urubamba and Apurímac, corresponding to Vilcabamba properties They are characterized by steep slopes and a misty forest landscape, typical of the Amazonian Andes region. Definitely, an environment very different from the mountain and coastal areas of Peru machu picchu inca trail .
The denomination of Vilcabamba was given to the region shortly after the Spanish invasion, by extension of the name of the valley, also known as Vitcos, the nerve center of the war of resistance against the Spanish invasion led by Atahualpa’s brother, Manco Inca, and those who succeeded him in command. The strategy of the “Inca of Vilcabamba” to entrench itself in that rough region for being almost impregnable, allowed them to resist the Spanish conquest for about 40 years, from 1537 to 1572.
Summary description: Machu Picchu is presented in all its magnitude and splendor from the open called Intipuncu (Intipunku), located a kilometer away on the hill of Machu Picchu inca trek . The buildings emerge surrounded by high and steep snowy peaks, in the middle of a landscape of tropical vegetation typical of the Amazonian Andes. They are located at 2400 meters above sea level, at the coordinates 13º 32 ’23 “LS and 72º 32′ 34” LO, and extend 800 m along an uneven hillock located between the Huayna Picchu (Waina Piktshu) and Machu peaks. Picchu. They are based on a geological formation whose perimeter was cut perpendicularly, generating precipices that project for 400 m, until reaching the roaring waters of the Urubamba canyon, which forms here an impressive meander that embraces the Machu Picchu hills on three sides. and Huayna Picchu.
An overview allows to notice two large areas in Machu Picchu salkantay trek : The Agrarian Zone and the Urban Zone. The first is made up of agricultural fields, and the second, by various buildings.
The Urban Zone presents two sectors: the Sacred Space and the Residential Space. Each one groups constructions with a varied number of enclosures. In both spaces, the buildings – or groups of them – receive conventional names, usually coined by Bingham.
The Sacred Space includes the spectacular sculpture known as Intihuatana, which Johan Reinhard considers symbolically mimics the contours of the sacred mountain or Apu de Huayna Picchu. Another area of special importance is that known as the Main Temple. It also highlights the succession of vessels joined by a central channel, intended for the cult of water. Stairways of stone, including some carved into the rock itself, lead to the various sets and enclosures.
The masonry is not homogeneous. While El Torreón is masterful, in other sectors appears careless. Spaces determined only by three walls are frequent. They are called huayranas (wairanas), and should serve to dehydrate and preserve food.They also highlight the great feats of civil engineering researched at length by Kenneth Wright20,21 and the experts who accompany him.
Machu Picchu is reached by a main road known as the Inca Trail, which begins at Qoriwayrachina (Qoriwairatshina), at kilometer 88 of the railway line, or at Piscacucho (Piskakutsho), at kilometer 82, and it takes about 3 hours to cross it. days. Not only can you admire a magnificent landscape, but also marvelous archeological monuments such as Phuyupatamarka (Phuiupatamarka) and Wíñay Wayna (Winiai Waina). Machu Picchu also starts or arrives from other roads that lead to imposing architectural centers located in the region, such as Choquequirao trek .
Expeditions: The first expeditions to Machu Picchu were organized and conducted by Bingham, one year after his first visit, in 1912, and then in 1914-1915. In both, experts from different specialties participated, making them interdisciplinary expeditions whose magnitude has not been repeated until now.
On the other hand, it must be remembered that the excavations carried out at that time were not orthodox from the current point of view, nor will the excavations carried out at present and within a few decades.
For more than half a century, ongoing conservation and restoration works have been carried out, although the latter have not always complied with the norms established by UNESCO, as Wurster points out.22 At the same time, although in an isolated way, explorations are being carried out. , except those undertaken since 1974 with great efficiency by Kenneth R. Wright in the company of Peruvian archaeologist Alfredo Valencia and other experts.23,24
The excavated material: As a result of the original excavations conducted by Bingham, an appreciable study material was obtained consisting of copper and alloy objects, as well as ceramic pieces, and also hundreds of bone remains and ceramic fragments. The last ones must come mostly from a ritual in which the pitchers were broken, and which was celebrated in Chavín since 3000 years ago ( salcantay hike ).
Interestingly, no object of gold was rescued, which does not agree -according to Buck- with the version of Paolo Greer25 that has given rise to speculation that the “immense treasures” of Machu Picchu were looted by AR Berns, before Bingham ( salkantay trek ).
As we already pointed out, although those specimens were not necessarily elaborated in Machu Picchu, since the function of that monument, as we shall see, had other objectives than that of manufacturing ceramics or metal objects. The above seems to be corroborated by the modern excavations of Fernando Astete and Rubén Orellana26 (1988) and other scholars, whose product is mainly reduced to hiwayas or implements used by stonemasons ( huayna picchu Montaña ).
We Peruvians celebrate that an understanding has been reached with Yale University, alma mater of Bingham and to which he deposited in archaeological material that extracted from Machu Picchu for study and analysis. The first consignment of 360 specimens was received with jubilation in the city of Lima in 2011.
What was Machu Picchu? : There are various hypotheses that have been woven about what Machu Picchu should have been. Several of these are due to Bingham, although their opinions varied as they passed the years. At first it ruled out that it was the legendary city of Vilcabamba. He estimated that it could have been Tamputoco (Tamputoqo), the mythical cradle of the Incas. Finally, he considered that Machu Picchu should correspond to Vilcabamba. As we saw, he also proposed that it was a large center that sheltered the so-called “virgins of the Sun” or acllas (aklias).
Based on ancient documentation, 27,28 the idea has spread that Machu Picchu was a property of “private property” of the Inca Pachacútec, built for his solace. This infundio is due to an incorrect hermeneutic interpretation of the documentation. In this regard, it should be noted that Indian informants, mestizos as Spaniards, transferred the traditional Inca schemes to Western concepts.
The lands suitable for farming in coastal Andean Peru are meager and suffer the climatic scourges unleashed by the El Niño phenomenon. Therefore, the production of food was early deficit to meet the demand of a growing population, a recurrent phenomenon since the societies began to sustain themselves using agricultural practices. Although the details of its past will never be clarified, we believe that to overcome this problem, the Incas owed -among other technological actions- to establish a vast state project aimed at extending the agrarian frontier. Machu Picchu had to be one of the several administrative centers of the agrarian production, in process of implementation, raised in the region of Vilcabamba. Likewise, it was the seat of worship and rituals destined to obtain the blessing of the numen that was presumed to govern over the climatic phenomena that, when they were produced, made the ghost of hunger appear.
Epilogue: With justice, Machu Picchu is an emblem and pride of national identity. This monument will continue to attract worldwide admiration, as long as it is properly preserved. For this, it is necessary to protect it from the tectonic phenomena that deteriorate its soils and thus its walls, as well as resort to innovative strategies that cushion the negative impact that the monument bears due to the overwhelming and growing tourist flow machu picchu salkantay .
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