Tours Cusco and Machupicchu
Some historians reveal that towards the year 1440, Pachacutec (1438-1470) during his campaign towards Vilcabamba, conquered the Picchu ravine (original name of Machu Picchu) being impressed by the beauty of Machu Picchu with its peculiar characteristics, and for that reason sent to build there, around 1450, an urban complex with buildings of great luxury for civil and religious purposes in Machu Picchu. It is believed that Machupicchu had a population like most of the Llac (old towns) Incas, which ranged between 300 and 1,000 inhabitants belonging to an elite, possibly members of the panaca (family of the Inca) of Pachacutec and acllas (chosen for the cult ). It has been shown that the agricultural force was made up of settlers mitimaes or mitmas (settlers in charge of expanding their customs to the new conquered peoples) coming from different corners of the empire.
The valleys that converged in the ravine formed a densely populated region that dramatically increased agricultural productivity from the Inca occupation in 1440. The Incas built many administrative centers there, the most important of which were Patallacta and Quente Marca, and abundant agricultural complexes formed by cultivation terraces. Machu Picchu depended on these complexes for their food, since the fields of the agrarian sector of the city would have been insufficient to supply the population. Communication between regions was possible thanks to the networks of Inca roads: eight roads reached Machu Picchu. The small city of Picchu was differentiated from neighboring towns by the unique quality of its main buildings.