Treks to the Inca Trail – Salkantay Trek – Alternate Routes
Today there are trekking or walks for all tastes passing through more than five thousand meters, where it requires a good acclimatization and physical condition, even more leisurely and short trekking. As a definition, trekking should include camping and feeding for one night or more. Since then there is a milder activity known as hiking (one day walks) or several days, which can mean the same in physical effort and experiences but do not spend a day, usually falling asleep in hostels or hotels between one day and another .
Necessarily, to get to the base camps in the mountains of the Andes or Sacred Valley, they had to go on hikes, and this was organized with the porters, mules and other support personnel, but the ultimate goal was to climb snowy, not hiking ( trekking). It was not until the end of the 1970s that the fans arrived in Peru along with the availability of equipment suitable for walkers made with lighter materials (aluminum, vinyl, polyester, etc.) that improve the quality, weight and durability of their walk. from Inca road to Machu Picchu. In that decade the first companies of trekking and adventure tourism were established, and this is how the development and promotion of alternate routes began in the different high Andean mountain ranges. From the Cordillera Blanca in the North passing through Huayhuash, Raura, Vilcabamba, Urubamba, Vilcanota and Carabaya.